Migrant, refugee, smuggler, savior / Peter Tinti and Tuesday Reitano.
Contributor(s): Reitano, Tuesday [author.].Material type: BookPublisher: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, Description: xv, 331 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780190668594; 0190668598; 019066861X; 9780190668617.Subject(s): Human smuggling | Refugees -- Europe | Human smuggling | Refugees | Europe | Flucht | Fluchthelfer | Migration | Profit | Schmuggel | Refugees | Human smuggling | Refugees -- Europe | EuropeDDC classification: 364.1/37
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When states, charities, and NGOs either ignore or are overwhelmed by movement of people on a vast scale, criminal networks step into the breach. This book explains what happens next.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 303-317) and index.
Smugglers needed. Options in exile ; Seeking asylum : rights and privileges ; Smuggler or savior -- Smugglers Inc. A transnational crime ; The business model of human smuggling -- Structure and design. In on the ground floor ; The logisticians ; Moving money ; Forging a new identity -- Routes. Central Mediterranean route ; Aegean route through Turkey -- Libya : out of Africa. Criminal economies in Libya and the greater Sahara ; Syrian dollars on Libyan shores ; Mare Nostrum changes the game ; Extortion and abuse -- Egypt : the north coast. The long trip to Italy ; Cooperation and complicity -- Desert highway : Agadez and the Sahel. Understanding the Sahel ; Niger, Agadez, and the West ; New masters ; Everybody is eating -- Turkey : the crossroads. Izmir ; The mob : criminal markets consolidation ; The $6 billion question -- Schengen and beyond. Cracks in the fortress ; Greek tragedy ; Balkan odyssey ; Dead ends of Europe -- The world we live in ; Postcards from the front ; Wider ramifications ; Closing an industry : supply and demand ; Messaging to the market ; Diplomatic solutions ; Vested interests ; On the demand side.
Migrant, Refugee, Smuggler, Savior investigates one of the most under-examined aspects of the great migration crisis of our time. As millions seek passage to Europe, in order to escape violent conflicts, repressive governments, and crushing poverty, their movements are enabled and actively encouraged by criminal networks that amass billions of dollars by facilitating their transport. Many of these smugglers carry out their activities with little regard for human rights, which has led to a manifold increase in human suffering, not only in the Mediterranean Sea, but also along the overland smuggling routes that cross the Sahara, penetrate deep into the Balkans, and through hidden corners of Europe's capitals. But some of these smugglers are revered as saviors by those they move, for it is they who deliver men, women, and children to a safer place and a better life. Disconcertingly, it is often criminals who help the most desperate among us when the international system fails to come to their aid. This book is a measured attempt, born of years of research and reporting in the field, to better understand how human-smuggling networks function, the ways in which they have evolved, and what they mean for peace and security in the future -- Provided by publisher.
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