American umpire / Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman.Material type: BookPublisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2013Description: viii, 440 pages ; 25 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780674055476; 0674055470.Subject(s): United States -- Foreign relations | International relations | International organization | World politics | Diplomatic relations | International organization | International relations | World politics | United States | Buitenlandse politiek | Interventie | Politieke leiding | Verenigde Staten | F�orenta staterna -- internationella relationerGenre/Form: Geschiedenis (vorm)DDC classification: 327.73 Other classification: 15.85 Online resources: Book review (H-Net) | Book review (H-Net)
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Includes bibliographical references and index.
Introduction (or, a cautionary tale of how the world changed after 1776) -- To compel acquiescence (or, how federalism replaced empire with umpire, 1648-1789) -- Umpire attacked (or, how the French Revolution created the American party system, 1789-1800) -- Another umpire than arms (or, how economic sanctions became a tool of foreign relations, 1800-1815) -- A rowboat in the wake of a battleship (or, how America flagged the Continent and federal power triumphed, 1815-1865) -- Territorial expansion versus saltwater imperialism (or, how America entered the fray for colonies, 1865-1920) -- The open door and the first international rules (or, how the United States chose another way, 1900-1920) -- War against war (or, how the democracies stumbled and the world caught fire, 1920-1939) -- Up to the neck and in to the death (or, how America became an ally, 1939-1945) -- The buck stops here (or, how the United States assumed the burden of preemptive intervention, 1945-1947) -- A coercive logic (or, how America spread freedom and wealth and compromised Its ideals, 1947-1991) -- Conclusion: Good calls, bad calls, and rules in flux (or, who wants to be ump? 1991-present).
"Commentators frequently call the United States an empire: occasionally a benign empire, sometimes an empire in denial, and often a destructive empire. Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman asserts instead that, because of its unusual federal structure, America has performed the role of umpire since 1776, compelling adherence to rules that gradually earned collective approval. This provocative reinterpretation traces America's role in the world from the days of George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, and Franklin D. Roosevelt to the present. Cobbs Hoffman argues that the United States has been the pivot of a transformation that began outside its borders and before its founding, in which nation-states replaced the empires that had dominated history. The "Western" values that America is often accused of imposing were, in fact, the result of this global shift. American Umpire explores the rise of three values--access to opportunity, arbitration of disputes, and transparency in government and business--and finds that the United States is distinctive not in its embrace of these practices but in its willingness to persuade and even coerce others to comply. But America's leadership is problematic as well as potent. The nation has both upheld and violated the rules. Taking sides in explosive disputes imposes significant financial and psychic costs. By definition, umpires cannot win. American Umpire offers a powerful new framework for reassessing the country's role over the past 250 years. Amid urgent questions about future choices, this book asks who, if not the United States, might enforce these new rules of world order?"--Publisher's website.